Mr. XY is a 59-year-old pleasant Vietnamese gentleman who migrated to US five years ago. Since he moved to US he has been busy with two jobs and taking care of his family. One day he came from work after a busy day and settled on the dining table for dinner. His wife cooked delicious Vietnamese food including his favorite noodle soup and pudding. While eating his food, he got up couple of times to go to the restroom to empty his bladder. His wife noticed and told him that he has been urinating frequently and has been eating more portions than usual. Over the next few days, he started feeling tired and experienced muscle cramps. His wife insisted him to get checked out by a doctor. He has not seen a doctor for 20 years!
He had thorough evaluation and lab work done at his physician’s office. On the day he had the lab work done, he received a phone call from physician’s office that his blood sugar was very high, and he needed to be seen urgently. He went back to see his physician next day in the morning. His labs confirmed that he had diabetes. His HbA1C (test that checks average blood sugar for last three to four months) was 15 which is very high. His blood sugar was running in 200 – 300 range.
Such high sugars can critically impact various parts of the body like brain (stroke), eyes (vision loss, cataract), heart (heart attack, heart failure), kidneys (kidney failure), circulation (blockage in arteries), sexual function (erectile dysfunction, loss of libido), sensations (neuropathy), stomach issues (gastroparesis) etc. That is why diabetes is one of the most dangerous silent killers!
His physician recommended metformin, insulin therapy and cholesterol medication to control his blood sugars and cholesterol and advised him to work hard on diet and exercise. He was also started on aspirin therapy to prevent heart attack and stroke as he had high risk. He had to stay away from some of his favorite foods and work hard to bring his sugars down. He was scared but motivated. His wife and sister stayed on top of his health and followed the instructions.
He stopped eating sweets and started using zero calorie sweetener instead of sugar. Instead of rice, he started eating quinoa. He cut down on the noodles and started eating more veggies. Exercise became part of the routine. His daughter just graduated from nursing school and started a new job which allowed him to quit one of his jobs so that he could focus on his health.
He went back to see his physician in three weeks. His fasting glucose dropped to 110-130 range and after meal glucose dropped to 140-160 range due to changes in his lifestyle. On repeat testing after few weeks, his HbA1C came down to 6.7 from 15 and he needed less and less insulin. Eventually he came off insulin since his sugars were controlled with the help of metformin and healthy lifestyle.
His wife and sister played a vital role to bring his diabetes under control. If his wife didn’t change the way she prepares meals for him and his sister didn’t stay on top of his meds, then it would have been very difficult for him to tackle his sugars. It’s a team effort!
Note: Inspired from true patient encounters from clinical practice for educational purpose only. Names, characters, businesses, places, events, locales, and incidents are either the products of the author's imagination or used in a fictitious manner. Any resemblance to actual persons, living or dead, or actual events is purely coincidental.
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