Acid reflux or Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a medical condition in which acid from the stomach flows into the esophagus (food pipe) causing burning sensation in chest and other symptoms. Besides burning sensation it may cause persistent cough, hoarseness, sour taste in mouth, bad breathe and lung inflammation or scarring. It is important to understand that many individuals with acid reflux may not have any symptoms at all.
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Following are the 7 preventive and lifestyle tips that may help your heartburn symptoms:
Losing weight with healthy diet and exercise if you are overweight or obese
Elevate head end of the bed or put a wedge underneath the mattress to help especially with night time symptoms
Avoid triggers such as spicy food, fried/greasy food, hot fluids, too much caffeine, chocolate, carbonated beverages, mint, smoking & alcohol
Avoid heavy meals and try small frequent meals. Keep 2-3 hour duration between the last meal and bedtime so that the food can be digested and proceed further down the GI system.
Avoid tight fitting clothes to reduce pressure on the stomach
Some abdominal breathing exercises may help by tightening the muscle that controls the opening between the stomach and the esophagus
Saliva may help in neutralizing acid. Therefore, chewing gum or lozenges may help with acid reflux symptoms.
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